Types of Resumes

There are two main types of resumes and you’ll need to decide which type is most appropriate to present your experience. After you’ve determined the type of resume you’re going to use, you’ll need to identify the sections of information.


A chronological resume is the most commonly used type of resume. It organizes work and educational history in reverse chronological order. If you’re unsure of which type to use, a chronological format is the best option. This format is used when you are:

  • Applying for your first job or internship
  • Presenting little previous work experience
  • Applying for jobs in traditional fields such as engineering, education or government
  • Seeking a job in a field in which you have experience
  • Trying to highlight your last place of employment


A functional resume rearranges employment history into sections that highlight your qualifications, skills and related achievements. This format places little emphasis on employment dates.

This format is used if you:

  • Are changing careers
  • Have a variety of experiences that don’t point to a clear career path
  • Have gaps in employment and want to minimize the gaps
  • Want to highlight transferrable skills
  • Want to de-emphasize places of employment

Curriculum Vitae (CV)

A curriculum vitae (CV) includes comprehensive sections on teaching and/or research experience, publications, presentations, fellowship experience, on-campus involvement, languages, association membership and other relevant activities.

This format is used if you:

  • Are seeking employment within the academic or research communities
  • Are seeking employment abroad
  • Would like to highlight a specific focus, research or academic interest
  • Do not want to be tied to stricter resume guidelines regarding format and length of the document